Finally, I have found postcards in the bookstore with the best prints of the 15 Presidents of the Republic of the Philippines. What I like most from the prints is the famous documented signature of each of the President. So for today, allow me to introduce to you the 13 great men and 2 women who led the Philippines from past to present.
1st president of the Philippines
January 23, 1899- April 1, 1901
MANUEL L. QUEZON
2nd President of the Philippines
November 15, 1935- August 1, 1944
JOSE P. LAUREL
3rd President of the Philippines
October 14, 1943- August 17, 1945
SERGIO OSMENA SR.
4th President of the Philippines
August 1, 1944- May 28, 1946
MANUEL A. ROXAS
5th President of the Philippines
May 28, 1946- April 15, 1948
ELPIDIO R. QUIRINO
6th President of the Philippines
April 17, 1948- December 30, 1953
RAMON DF. MAGSAYSAY
7th President of the Philippines
December 30, 1953- March 17, 1957
CARLOS P. GARCIA
8th President of the Philippines
March 17, 1957- December 30, 1961
DIOSDADO P. MACAPAGAL
9th President of the Philippines
December 30, 1961- December 30, 1965
FERDINAND E. MARCOS, SR.
10th President of the Philippines
December 30, 1965- February 25, 1986
CORAZON C. AQUINO
11th President of the Philippines
February 25, 1986- June 30, 1992
FIDEL V. RAMOS
12th President of the Philippines
June 30, 1992- June 30, 1998
JOSEPH E. ESTRADA
13th President of the Philippines
June 30, 1998- January 20, 2001
GLORIA M. ARROYO
14th President of the Philippines
January 20, 1001- June 30, 2010
BENIGNO C. AQUINO III
15th President of the Philippines
June 30, 2010- Present
I love the photo selfie of the recipient of my postcard. Lots of love…
Thank you so much to illustrator/writer Ladianne Henderson for posting.
Wow – what an amazing couple of weeks it has been! I received a beautiful postcard from the kind Lyn at https://galleryofpostcards.wordpress.com/!
April 27th, 2015
Hwaseong Fortress was constructed in the 18th century during the reign of King Jeongio (1752-1800) of the Joseon Dynasty. With its scientific method of construction, Hwaseong is highly valued as a cultural heritage and seems to harmonize well with its modern surroundings.
West Yorkshire, United Kingdom
Washington DC Philadelphia, USA
Steven F, Udvar-Hazy Center
In December 2003, the Smithsonian;s National Air and Space Museum opened the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center. This huge facility will ultimately showcase some 400 aircraft and large space artifacts.
Photographer- Dane Penland
April 23rd, 2015
The Kuala Lumpur Railway Station, built in 1917 is one of the oldest and magnificent landmarks in the capital city of Malaysia.
Abuz Zayn says:
United States of America
This is an illustration personally made by writer/illustrator Ladianne Henderson.
April 24th, 2015
An early morning shot of Bab Al Bahrain
The cute animal is called Hermelyn in Dutch and is pronounced as “hair-mah-line”.
Bert Verwoerd says:
April 18th, 2015
Prime Minister’s Office Complex in Putrajaya which opened in June 1999, is the focal point of the Malaysian Federal Government Administrative Center.
Abuz Zayn says:
April 20th, 2015
“Mac the Moose” is the world’s largest Moose. Mac stands thirty feet tall and weighs in at ten tons. Beside Mac is a decomissioned Snowbird CT-114 Tutor Jet. These two icons are located at the Tourism Moose Jaw Visitor Center in Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan.
Shauna M. says:
CARDS FROM MICHELLE
Below are cards from a friend named Michelle of USA. Her cards showcase the map cards of her state which is Florida.
#1. Map card of United States of America
# 2. Map card of the state of Florida in USA
# 3. Map card of the Great Smoky Mountains
CARDS FROM STEVEN
The six cards below were sent by Steven from the USA. The cards don’t only showcase landmarks of some states of the USA, but also some landmarks from nearby countries.
# 1. Oak Alley Plantation in Vacherie, Louisiana
Built in the late 1830’s of the classic Greek revival style. Twenty-eight magnificent oak trees line the approach to Oak Alley, one of Louisiana’s most outstanding plantation homes.
One of the reasons to visit New Orleans is to drive around the plantations nearby. This plantation is one of the most popular. This photo has been taken by thousands of tourists and is a well known image. Unless you arrive very early or late, this plantation is always very crowded from tour bus visits.
# 2. Aerial view of Cancun Mexico
Spent a week here many years ago. Our hotel is the one that looks like V at end of island just before the bridge. This is one of the most popular resort cities in Mexico. On the island, it looks like the US, with malls and US restaurants. So we took the bus into town and enjoyed the local food and stores, which have lower prices.
# 3. Taos Pueblo in Taos New Mexico
Probably the most famous of all New Mexico Pueblos. Existing for several hundred years, it remains the home of the Taos tribe. Taos served as headquarters from which Pope of San Juan Pueblo organized the Pueblo Revolt of 1860. In 1846, the Pueblo was a refuge for Hispanics and Indians resisting the annexation of New Mexico by the United States.
Located in northern New Mexico, Taos Pueblo is a UN World Heritage site, and has been inhabited for over 1000 years. The Taos native Americans still live here. It is also a reservation so they have their own government.
# 4. Pacific Coast Highway 1
Just south of Carmel this stretch of Coast Highway 1 drops to magnificent Big Sur.
The 75 miles of coastal highway along Big Sur is probably the most scenic drive in the US. I’ve done it three times in the last 20 years. It takes the whole day because speed limit is low and you always stop every few minutes to get out and admire the view. Big Sur is just south of the Monterey peninsula in California, which itself is a popular destination in the state.
# 5. Banyan Tree
The largest Banyan Tree in Hawaii can be found on maui, in Lahaina. Planted in 1873, it spreads to cover 2/3 of an acre.
Look at how big this tree is! It is located in a park in downtown Lahaina. Not much to see in Lahaina. It is a bast of exploring other places, such as Mt. Haleakala which looks like the moon when you go into the crater. Also popular is a drive along the coast to the old city of Hana which has pools.
# 6. Temple de la Sagrada Familia in Barcelona
Also a UN World Heritage site, La Sagrada began construction in 1882 and is not finished. It relies on private donations and admission fees for tours of what has been built. They hope to finish in 2026. I have always enjoyed Gaudi’s art and Barcelona is his home, so there a number of buildings he designed there. The most well known is Parc Guell, which was supposed to be an elite residential area but it went bankrupt. The city of Barcelona bought it and turned it into a park with admission fee for maintenance. It is now one of Barcelona’s biggest tourist attractions, along with La Sagrada. Barcelona is the province of Catalonia, which has a strong separist movement. They have their own language (Catalon) and their own flag. Everywhere we went, we saw the catalon flag. Even government buildings fly Spanish and Catalon flags.
Welcome to the Province of Kalinga
People of the lowland areas like the city of Tuguegarao usually associate Kalinga Province with a very unique culture of the North Philippines. It is inhabited by the locals called “kalingas”. It is a province located west of Tuguegarao City. It is a place rich in culture and traditions. The most popular place in the province is Tabuk, the capital and now a newly established city.
This is the signage between the Provinces of Isabela and Kalinga. It tells that you are finally entering Kalinga. On the signage says; “Lumnok Kayo”, a Kalinga term which means “Welcome” or “Dumanon Kayo” in Ilokano.
As planned, we went to attend a traditional Kalinga wedding in a town called Lubuagan. Actually, it was a mix wedding style of Benguet and Kalinga. The groom, who’s a former classmate of my brother-in-law in Baguio Seminary, is from Benguet while the bride is a pure-blooded Kalinga. It was my first time to set foot on Lubuagan.
I’ve been to Kalinga before but only in Tabuk and some parts which aren’t too far from its capital. I remember pretty well the horrible stories of my oldies when they talk about Kalinga. Kalinga is consists of many tribes and tribal war is well-known in this place. It’s a part of the Kalinga culture. According to stories passed to many generations by mouth, when a member of a certain tribe killed or hurt someone from another tribe, from there starts the bloody tribal war where each tribe will revenge the life of every tribe member they lose. Bloody tribal war means “a tooth for a tooth, an eye for an eye”.
In fact, in the city of Tuguegarao where many well-known universities are found, I’ve heard stories from friends and teachers that when tribal wars in Kalinga occur, all Kalinga students cannot be seen in school. They may get absent for a week or two or even a month for as long as the war has not come to an end yet, otherwise they may be killed anytime on the streets by any of their tribe-enemies.
All those mind-boggling stories about Kalinga were temporarily forgotten when I saw the wonders of Lubuagan. In Lubuagan, there lived natives of different tribes. When we were there for a wedding celebration, I’ve seen how peaceful they celebrated an occasion. People from different tribes went to celebrate with the groom and the bride. Today, the kind of celebration has been modernized although the local songs and dances are still the prime of attraction.
So for now, I would like to share to you the hidden wonders of Kalinga….its beautiful culture and people, its untouchable wonders, and the beauty of living simple in that place.
On The Way To Lubuagan
These are the photos I’ve taken from inside the car as we travel to Lubuagan. The roads are cemented, although some are still under construction. The mountains are carpeted in green.
The heavens seem to be just a step away because of the clouds covering the mountains and hills.
The way to Lubuagan isn’t easy because of the endless zigzag roads going up and down from the mountains. Although the roads are already cemented, the ravines nearby are still deadly scary.
Ped-Xing Equals Animal-Xing
Oh, pedestrians don’t just have the right to the roads. If you see animals crossing the streets, you have no choice but to stop and wait for them to cross. If you are brave enough, then you may get out of the car and drive the animals away.
The trees that are commonly seen in the mountains and near the roads are the acacia trees. The big acacia trees are stormed by wild ferns and orchids usually living on the barks of the trees.
Apostolic Vicariate of Tabuk
St. Peter’s Church in Lubuagan is said to be the very first church built in Kalinga. Near the church is an old 3-storey house which serves as the accommodation of the parish priest and those who are serving the church.
Sagada of The North
I’m sure you know so well the Banaue Rice Terraces which is one of the eight wonders of the world. In the northern Philippines, we also have our own dose of Banaue. These beautiful man-made terraces in the north are found in Lubuagan and Tinglayan in the province of Kalinga. You see, people of Kalinga found a way to do farming despite living in mountainous province. Slowly, they built the so-called Kalinga Rice Terraces.
Tattooed Women of Kalinga
A lot of women, usually the oldies, are tattooed. It’s a part of their culture as “kalingas”. But don’t be scared. They just look intimidating because of their tattoos, but most of them are wonderful people. One of the problems though is communicating to some old people who don’t know how to speak in Tagalog. I experienced asking an old woman in a store near St. Peter’s Church about where a public toilet could be found. Earlier before we reached the town proper of Lubuagan, we passed by small communities with public toilets which were even marked “Public CR” so I was comfortable asking the old woman if they have one in Lubuagan. I got an answer, not yes or no, but something very alien to my ears. She spoke back in their dialect. I ended up saying “Thank you” and just smiled at the old woman. She was very intimidating. She has some tattoos on her arms, face and neck. She was even wearing some jewelries with pendants made up of animals’ teeth.
The Pot Dance of the Lubuganos
Lubuagan is very rich in folk songs and dances. A school called St. Teresita’s School of Lubuagan has organized a dance troop depicting the pot dance of Lubuaganos. (photo credit to the owner)
Lubuagan’s Wedding Style With A Modern Touch
The wedding that we had attended was a traditional with a little touch of modern Kalinga style. Chris and Yvonne, the groom and bride, came from two different tribes. Chris is a native of Benguet while Yvonne is a pure Kalinga. Because they had lived most of their lives in the city, their taste for wedding celebrations had also changed. The reception was held in the town’s gymnasium to accommodate all the visitors. A part of the culture of Kalinga is to expect the whole barangay or a small town to attend your big day. And that’s it. I was a bit culture-shocked when I saw the gym’s bleachers almost filled up by guests, most of them were from different tribes. Wedding celebrations in Kalinga are often highlighted with “gangsa dance”. Men will dance in their own drum-beat music using their bronze gong, then they are followed by the women.
The Fertility Spring
I guess you have heard about different versions of stories on conceiving a baby after years of waiting. In Lubuagan, there is a spring called fertility spring. According to the old people in the place, the spring was said to be the lucky charm of those women who wished to have a child but could not get pregnant. Stories about the spring had spread in the nearby communities. In fact, near the spring is a small community wherein 80% of the population had twins or triplets as a result of all the couples’ efforts to drink the spring’s water and to take a bath in the said spring for two days. At least that was what an old man told us. Maybe, they were just old school stories, but there’s no harm in trying. Unfortunately, my husband and I cannot try it because we can’t stay longer in the place.
The Old Houses in Lubuagan
Lubuagan isn’t just rich in culture, but also in history. Ninety percent of the houses in Lubuagan are still spanish-styled houses and are there still standing even before the 2nd war. The old houses are made up of hard woods, most of which are narras. Don’t be confused! You will see pigs roaming around. Most of the pigs are native ones. Pigs aren’t inside a pig pen. They are free like their masters. This photo wasn’t taken in Lubuagan. It’s in Lacneg. Pardon if I misspelled it.
Lubuagan’s Nostalgic Effect
To top it all, the experience of seeing Lubuagan Kalinga for the first time erased all the scary stories in my mind about the culture of Kalinga. It is indeed a wonderful place for vacation if you want to get out from the noise of the rumbling vehicles in the city. The cool wind is inviting. Even at noon, one cannot feel the heat of summer unlike in Tuguegarao city where one wishes every now and then for a cooler place to stay at. Lubuagan reminds every visitor the importance of preserving mother earth.
Oh, another thing that amazes me is the signage on our way to Lubuagan saying, “Shoot the thief!”. So every resident has the right to shoot anyone who harms him. According to hearsays from the lowland areas, each house in upper Kalinga may or may not have a gun. That looks scary, is it? But the thing is, you won’t be touched if you do right.
Leaving Lubuagan doesn’t not stop my longing to see it again next time, and that “next time” would mean staying there for longer time so that I may experience bathing at the fertility spring.